Terry cloth is a fabric with loops that can absorb large amounts of water. It can be manufactured in two different ways: by weaving or knitting. Terry cloth is woven on special looms that have two beams of longitudinal warp through which the filler or weft is fired laterally.The first industrial production of terry cloth towels was by the English manufacturer Christy.
There are two types of terry fabrics:
Towel Terry is a woven fabric with long loops that can absorb large amounts of water. Its content is usually 100% cotton, but may sometimes contain polyester.
French Terry is a fabric, used in men’s, women’s and children’s clothes. One of its sides is flat, while the other side has cross loops. It is either 100% cotton or contains polyester or elastine like lycra. It is often warp knitted, and the term French Terry is colloquially used for all warp knitted Terry.
It is the length of loops that determines how much fluid is absorbed by the cloth as longer loops provide more surface area to absorb and come in contact with the fluid.
Items that may be made from terry cloth include babies’ diapers, towels, bathrobes, bedlinen, and sweatbands for the wrist or head. Terrycloth is also sometimes used to make sweat jackets. Terry towelling hats with a shallow brim were once popular with cricketers (like English wicketkeeper Jack Russell) but are no longer in fashion.
Jersey is a knit fabric mostly used for clothing manufacture. It was originally made of wool, but is now made of wool, cotton, and synthetic fibres like Polyester, Elastan or Viscouse. Since medieval times Jersey, Channel Islands, where the material was first produced, had been an important exporter of knitted good and the fabric in wool from Jersey became well known.
The fabric can be a very stretchy single knitting, usually light-weight, jersey with one flat side and one piled side. When made with a lightweight yarn, this is the fabric most often used to make T-shirts. It can also be a double knitted jersey (interlock jersey), with less stretch, that creates a heavier fabric of two single jerseys knitted together to leave the two flat sides on the outsides of the fabric, with the piles in the middle.
Nevertheless Single Jersey is considered to be the most popular fabric for T-shirt production. Single Jersey fabric can be knitted with different weights: 100, 140, 155, 160, 180, 200, 210 grams per fabric meter and different composition. 100% Cotton Single Jersey is the most popular, but if extra flexibility is needed on the regular basis 4% of Elastan is added to the fabric when knitting. 96% Cotton 4% Elastan Single Jersey fabric is commonly used for women T-shirt production (because of it’s flexibility).
Hoodie – also called hooded sweatshirt or hoody.
Most of hoodies have a muff sewn onto a lower front panel and a hood for head protection. The hood often has a drawstring for adjusting the hood opening. Some hoodies has a vertical zipper down the center like most of jackets.
The garment’s style and form can be traced back to Medieval Europe when the normal clothing for monks included a long, decorative hood called a cowl attached to a tunic or robes, and a chaperon or hooded cape was very commonly worn by any outdoors worker. The hooded sweatshirt was first produced in the United States by Champion starting in the 1930s and marketed to laborers who endured freezing temperatures while working in upstate New York. The term hoodie entered popular usage in the 1990s.
The hoodie took off in the 1970s, with several factors contributing to its success. Hip hop culture developed in New York City around this time, and the hoodie’s element of instant anonymity, provided by the accessible hood, appealed to those with criminal intent. High fashion also contributed during this era, as Norma Kamali and other high-profile designers embraced and glamorized the new clothing. Most critical to the hoodie’s popularity during this time was its iconic appearance in the blockbuster Rocky film.
By the 1990s, the hoodie had evolved into a symbol of isolation, a statement of academic spirit, and several fashion collections. The association with chavs or neds in the UK developed around this time, as their popularity rose with that specific demographic. Young men, often skateboarders or surfers, sported the hoodie and spread the trend across the western United States, most significantly in California. The rise of hoodies with university logos began around this time. Tommy Hilfiger, Giorgio Armani, and Ralph Lauren, for example, used the hoodie as the primary component for many of their collections in the 1990s. A crystal-studded hoodie made by rapper Sean “Diddy” Combs was acquired by the Victoria & Albert Museum in London.
The most used and wearable piece of garment on the Earth. Everybody has at least a few of them in wardrobe. But do we know, how the T-shirt was born? This article will show you the beginnings of the T-shirt.
The earliest T-shirt was issued in the United States by the U.S. Navy sometime around the Spanish American War and 1913. The first T-shirt had a crew neck and short sleeves and it was meant to be worn underwear beneath the uniform. Soon it was adopted by the Army as a part of the standard issue ensemble given to recruits. It got an iconic name from its shape resembling the letter “T”. Dockworkers, farmers, miners, and construction type workers also adopted the T-shirt preferring the single jersey cotton in warmer weather conditions. The word “T-shirt” became a part of American English by the 1920s, and appeared in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
The earliest screen printed shirt was perhaps the highly sought-after collectible tee made for promoting the 1939 film “The Wizard of OZ” (no photo available). Credit of the first printed tee often goes to the Air Corps Gunnery School T-shirt featured on the July 13th, 1942 cover of LIFE magazine. Mickey Mouse would follow suit a few years later as an exclusively licensed print for Tropix Togs, a company founded by Sam Kantor in Miami, Florida.
Following World War II, it became common to see veterans wearing their uniform trousers with their T-shirts as casual clothing.
Aside from veterans and bluecollar workers, the popularity of the T-shirt reached to even greater heights when Marlon Brando wore one in “A Streetcar Named Desire”. It became fashionably cool to wear as an outer garment.
Today T-shirt is 101 year old and its versions are available in many different designs and fabrics and styles.